Diving into the Red Sea: A Spectacular Underwater World

Come explore the magical wonders of what lies beneath the beautiful turquoise waters of the Red Sea. Home to vast amounts of vibrant sea life and coral reef systems, the Red Sea is one of the world’s most spectacular underwater destinations. From beginner divers to experienced professionals, adventure seekers and nature lovers alike, there is something for everyone to enjoy when diving into the Red Sea.

The Geography of the Red Sea

The Red Sea is an almost landlocked sea located between Africa, the Middle East, and Arabia. It is bordered to the east by the Arabian Peninsula and Egypt, and to the west by the African horn including, Djibouti, Eritrea, and Somalia. The southern end of the Red Sea connects with the Indian Ocean, while the northern bends up towards the Mediterranean Sea. The Red Sea reaches its deepest point of 2,250 meters and is estimated to be over 180 million years old— making it one of the world’s oldest bodies of water.

What Makes the Red Sea Such a Great Dive Spot?

The Red Sea has become a hot spot for divers all over the world. With low current tidal patterns, favorable weather and visibility, and the Western Saharan climate, a variety of aquatic life can be found in the environment— creating a picturesque, diverse, and colorful underwater ecosystem for everyone to explore.

Top Five Things to Know Before Diving in the Red Sea

  1. Visibility: Visibility in the Red Sea varies widely depending on the season and location. Generally, the best visibility is between June to September.

  2. Currents: Currents in the Red Sea are generally not too strong, and they tend to be seasonal— making them easier to navigate than many other dive spots.

  3. Temperature: Water temperatures in the Red Sea range from 23-28 Celsius (73-82 F) year round, with an average of 25 Celsius (77F).

  4. Marine Life: The Red Sea is home to an incredible array of marine life, including a wide variety of fish, corals, and other aquatic creatures— making it an ideal spot for scuba and snorkeling.

  5. Safety: Make sure to always follow safety protocols and dive in with a certified, experienced guide.

Top Ten Dive Sites in the Red Sea

  1. Ras Mohammed National Park: Ras Mohamed National Park is a mecca for divers located in the Southern Sinai of Egypt. It features many of the most stunning dive sites in the Red Sea, such as Shark Reef and Yolanda Reef.

  2. Brothers & Sisters Islands: These two islands are well known amongst dive aficionados, boasting spectacular walls with hidden lagoons, abundant coral, and a variety of beautiful fish.

  3. St Johns: Split between two amazing dive sites, St Johns is superb for drift dives as well as walls and spectacular coral gardens. The north end is known for its exceptional walls and coral cliffs, while the southern site has some of the best coral gardens in the world.

  4. Thistlegorm Wreck: This famous WWII British cargo steamer was brought down by German bombers in 1941; lying at the depths of 30-33m, this wreck is considered one of the most popular Red Sea dives.

  5. Elphinstone Reef: Located at the south tip of the Sinai Peninsula, Elphinstone Reef is home to one of the best walls in the Red Sea, and its soaring coral gardens, steep slopes, and dramatic canyons make it a truly stunning site.

  6. Abu Nuhas Reef: Famous for its wrecks, Abu Nuhas is home to four of them, as well as many other stunning forms of marine life. With its combination of walls and wrecks, Abu Nuhas is a classic dive site that should not be missed.

  7. Big & Small Brother Islands: Together, the two islands are home to a variety of soft and hard corals, with its pinnacles, walls, and contours providing exciting conduits for divers to explore.

  8. Daedalus Reef: One of the top dive sites in the Red Sea for drift dives and fantastic marine life. Daedalus Reef is located in the Egyptian Red Sea, and is known for its abundance of fish life, big coral heads and ridges.

  9. Rocky Island: Nestled in the south of the Sinai Peninsula, Rocky Island offers a unique and captivating experience with its blend of colorful reefs, diverse marine life, and substantial drifts with its incredible canyons.

  10. Gubal Island: This popular dive site located in the Straits of Gubal is famous for its magical wrecks, amazing submarines, and thrilling drift dives.

What to See When Diving in The Red Sea

The Red Sea is an underwater treasure trove of vibrant aquatic life and colorful coral reefs. Here is a glimpse of what you can expect to see when diving in the Red Sea:

  1. Parrotfish: One of the most colorful and diverse species of fish in the Red Sea, parrotfish come in a variety of colors and shapes and can be found in abundance, grazing on the reef.

  2. Clownfish: Also known as anemonefish, these friendly clownfish can be found hanging out among the anemones and along the reefs of the Red Sea.

  3. Moray Eels: These serpentine creatures come in a variety of sizes and color, and can be seen hiding among the rocks and tunnels of the Red Sea.

  4. Sea Turtles: With long flippers, encased in hard shells, sea turtles gracefully swim the waters of the Red Sea, searching for food and often providing visitors with joyous encounters.

  5. Lionfish: Characterized by their wide fins, venomous spines, and unique stripes— lionfish, a type of scorpionfish, can often be spotted in the Red Sea.

  6. Rays: Large, flat, and wing-like, with distinctive ridges along their bodies, sting and manta rays gracefully dance along the surface of the Red Sea.

  7. Sharks: While many types of shark can be found in the Red Sea, the most common are reef, white tip, and hammerhead sharks. But don’t worry— these sharks are shy and will rarely bother divers.

  8. Nudibranchs: With their bright and intricate patterns, these colorful sea slugs can often be seen darting across the Red Sea in a mesmerizing fashion.

  9. Moorish Idols: These thin-bodied fish are tinged with shades of yellow, white, and black and occasionally lurk about in the Red Sea.

  10. Corals: Perhaps the most notable in the Red Sea— the vibrant and diverse corals, with captivating blues, yellows, and pinks, create a mystical landscape, towering with life.

Tips and Tricks for a Great Dive in the Red Sea

  1. Plan Wisely: Before setting out on your dive, take the time to make an optimal plan. It is important to understand the conditions of the dive area, the tides and currents, and the weather.

  2. Choose the Right Gear: Selecting proper dive gear is essential for an enjoyable and safe diving experience. Make sure your gear fits comfortably and is suitable for the depths of the dive.

  3. Understand the Basics: Knowing the basic dive rules and signals is important for any diver, as this will help you stay safe, understand the marine life, and respect the environment.

  4. Keep your Eyes Open: Diving in the Red Sea provides an opportunity to explore the vibrant and diverse marine life, so don’t be afraid to take a moment to stop and look.

  5. Listen to Your Dive Guide: Make a point to follow the instructions of your dive guide, as they are there to offer helpful advice and make sure the dive stays safe and enjoyable.

Diving into the Red Sea is a unique and magical experience filled with bright corals, diverse aquatic life, and diverse marine ecosystems. With its amazing climate and easy to navigate currents, the Red Sea has something to offer for every type of diver. Before you plan your next dive trip, be sure to review the tips and tricks listed above— we wish you a safe and unforgettable experience!